Latin America refers to a region of the American continent where Latin languages are spoken, mainly Spanish, Portuguese and French. Technically, it extends from Mexico at the north (having also account of the province of Quebec in Canada) to Argentina and Chile at the south of the continent. It is excluded countries like Guyana, Suriname and French Guyana and the several small state-islands of the Minor Antilles, while Cuba, República Dominicana and Puerto Rico are Latin American nations. Jamaica and Haiti are not considered a part of it.

Latin America was the first region of expansion of the Salesian Congregation out of Europe at the end of the 19th century. The first countries to see the Salesians sent by Don Bosco were Argentina, Uruguay, Brazil and Chile.