19th century (1801 - 1900 in the Gregorian Calendar) was a time of deep revolutions and changes in the political and economical matters of the world, especially in Europe and America.

During the 19th century many older empires collapsed like Spain, Portugal, China, Ottoman, Vatican and others. It was the century of the Nationalism and the foundation of new countries, the independence of several colonies in America and the foundation of new colonies by new powers like France and Great Britain in Asia and Africa.

This century was also the time of the development of science and technology, new inventions, the Industrial Revolution, the Modernism, Photography, Radio, electricity and many other things that would mold a new world.

It is the century of great personalities like Don Bosco.